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Standardisation plays an important role in ensuring the safety and reliability of medical devices and equipment. The corona pandemic underlines how important quality aspects in this field are. It also shows the relevance of international harmonisation.

Laboratory testing

The recently published 2020-2024 Sectorial Program of the Mexican Health Ministry presents the identified need for restructuring COFEPRIS, the decentralized agency responsible for protecting the public health, in order to optimise its processes to strengthen transparency. In that regard, the Undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion was assigned the task of facilitating the restructuring process and thus empowered to superintend the agency.

Several thousand occupational accidents happen in India annually. With manufacturing playing an increasingly important role in India’s economy and more and more complex machines and technologies being used, functional safety of machinery is an important topic.

The increasing automation of industries and interconnection of devices put cybersecurity in the focus of businesses and regulators. Manufacturers must ensure the security of their processes at every stage - international standards provide valuable solutions for this.

The white paper sheds light on the common Sino-German view on functional safety issues in the Industrie 4.0/Intelligent Manufacturing environment. It explains the basic concept of traditional technical safety, which used to be based on mechanical and electronic technology. The paper elaborates on the rising complexity and interconnection among systems, outlining how the overall infrastructure has become more susceptible to internal failures and cyberattacks. To this extent, the paper analyses existing standards, specifications and provides recommendations to achieve safety for Industrie 4.0/Intelligent Manufacturing. It concludes that existing international standards need to be interpreted and amended to cover new issues and hazards. It also refers to the potential integration of safety and security.

E-commerce is gaining popularity in India. Hence there is an increased need to protect consumers who buy goods online. The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 takes an important step in this direction. It came into force on 20 July 2020 and prevents unfair trade practices by e-commerce platforms.